The collection of cell markers of various cells

All cells express characteristic markers that can be used to distinguish them from other cell types, such as proteins, lipids and glycosylation. Cell markers can be expressed extracellularly on the cells surface or inside the cell as an intracellular molecule. This page covers surface and intracellular cell markers for a variety of cell types including immune cells, stem cells, central nervous system cells, and more.


The summary diagram of cell marker

Part I. Cell markers of different types of stem cell

Hematopoietic stem cell

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are the stem cells that give rise to all blood cell types including myeloid and lymphoid lineages.

ATXN1CD105CD110CD111CD117CD133
CD135CD150CD184CD202bCD243CD244
CD271CD309CD338CD34CD38CD4
CD48CD90CD93



Mesenchymal stem cell

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have self-renewal capacity and differentiation potential into several mesenchymal lineages.

BMPR1ABMPR1BBMPR2CD105CD106CD117
CD13CD166CD29CD349CD44CD45
CD49aCD49eCD51CD54CD56CD73
CD90CDH2FN1HLA-GNGFRSUSD2
TFRCVIM




Neural stem cell

Neural stem cell (NSC) are self-renewing, multipotent cells that firstly generate the radial glial progenitor cells.

ABCG2ASCL1BMI1CALCRCD133CDCP1
CDH2CTNNB1CXCR4FABP7FGFR2FGFR4
FOXD3FZD9GATA2GCNFGFAPHOXB1
ID2LRTM1METRNMSX1NESNEUROD1
NFE2L2NGFRNOGNOTCH1NOTCH2NR2F1
NUMBOTX2PAX3PAX6PDGFRAPRKCZ
PROM2ROR2RUNX1RXRASFRP2SLAIN1
SLC2A1SMARCA4SOX1SOX11SOX2SOX21
SOX9TRAF4VIMZIC1


Epidermal stem cell

Epidermal stem cells (EpSCs) are multipotent cell type and are committed to the formation and differentiation of the functional epidermis.

CD200CD34FSTITGA6NESTNC
TP63YAP1




Primordial germ cell

Primordial germ cells (PGCs), also known as germ cells, are any biological cells that give rise to the gametes of an organism that reproduces sexually.

BOLLDAZ1DAZLGDF3GDF9KIT
NANOGOCT4PUM1PUM2SCP1SCP3
STELLAVASA




Part II. Cell markers of differentiated cells

As you know, a stem cell is a cell that is prepared to differentiate, and can become any type of cell. Then, a differentiated cell is a cell that only expresses certain genes and cannot turn into any other type of cell.

Differentiated cells are specialized cells in order to perform a specified function in the body. These cells are morphologically distinct from their stem cells by size, shape and functionally distinct from metabolic activity, membrane potential, and responsiveness to signals. The mechanism of differentiation of stem cells is governed by the regulated gene expression. Each type of differentiated cells is defined by a particular array of transcription factors. Cell markers of differentiated cells are useful tools to distinguish the types of cells. As the following table shows, we list several the cell markers of the hottest types of cells.

Hepatocyte

AFPALBANXA1ANXA2CRPPROX1
TOR1AIP1WT1



Adipocyte

ACVR1CADIPOQCFDDLK1FABP4LEP
LPIN1LPLPCK1PPARARETNS100A1
SLC2A4UCP1UCP2


Chondrocyte

ACANANXA6CD151CD29CD44CEP68
CHI3L1CHI3L2COL10A1COL1A2COL9A1COMP
CTSBIGF1IGF2ITGA3MIAMMP13
PCNASDC3SOX9SPARC

Osteocyte

BGNDMP1FGF23FN1MEPEPDPN
SOSTSPARC



Moncyte

CD115CD11bCD14CD192CD2CD31
CD56CD62LCX3CR1CXCR3

Granulocyte

CD102CD107aCD107bCD114CD11bCD11c
CD13CD147CD148CD162CD164CD16a
CD16bCD18CD24CD32CD43CD44
CD45CD49dCD53CD62LCD64CD69
CD93CEACAM4CMA1DCIREMR1EMR2
EMR3FCER1AGPR84HCKIL5LRG1
LTB4RLTB4R2MPOMS4A2S100A4S100A8
S100A9




Red blood cell (RBC)

BGP1CD36CD47CD71GPAGPB
TSP




B cell

CD137CD138CD19CD2CD20CD22
CD23CD252CD267CD268CD279CD40
CD5CD69CD70CD79aCD79bCD80
CD86CD93PAX5


T cell

CD11bCD134CD150CD1aCD1dCD2
CD25CD38CD4CD5CD7CD72
CD90CRTAMFOXP3HML-1PD-1TSA-2

NK cell

CD56CD94CD122CD127CD335CD336
CD337KLRF1NKG2ANKG2D

Neuron

ABCA2SYN1ATF3BAG1BCL2CALB1
CALB2CBLN1CHATFOSMAGMAP2
NESOMPRTN1TGFB1TUBB

Keratinocyte

CD24CD34CD98FLGFN1ICAM1
IL6RIVLKPRP